Synthesis PDRS 2010-2014
According to Law 45/2007, the Rural Spain is the geographical area formed by the aggregation of local municipalities or smaller defined by the competent authorities who have a population less than 30,000 inhabitants and a density less than 100 inhabitants per km2.
Given this definition, rural areas would be about 80% of municipalities in Spain. The countryside is home to 18% of the Spanish population by 85% of the country.
Specifying it in numbers, we could say that the rural population is 8,195,233 people, 4,014,807 of whom are women (10% of women) are male and 4,180,426 (10.4% of total the male population).
The situation occurred in recent years in rural areas is aging and masculinization of the population, the difficulties of incorporating women into the workplace and a gradual abandonment of inland areas.
Regarding economic sectors are areas that base their economy on agriculture, livestock and forestry. There is a progressive abandonment of agricultural activity but paradoxically increased production due to new technologies, resource optimization, professional, mechanization, increased irrigated area.
Given this scenario we need a new rural development policy with a territorial basis. Establishing a national policy of rural development with a focus on sustainability (economic, environmental and social) and multisectoral, complementary to other policies that affect children in rural (Law 45/2007 of 13 December, for the sustainable development of rural areas).
The Sustainable Rural Development Programme
It is the instrument of planning and programming of Law 45/2007.Nova rural policy.
The PDRS aims:
- The economic, social and environmental.
- A multisectoral and territorial application for RURAL AREAS delimited and defined regions.
- The measures of state and regional competition in rural areas according to the Area Plans.
- The measures relating to subsidies in a competitive discriminate positively "requests made by women, or to companies that in case of being beneficiaries undertake to keep the area a staff of permanent employees with at least a% women or to reserve a quota for people with disabilities."
The Sustainable Rural Development Programme has been developed with the active participation and commitment of the 17 autonomous regions, 16 ministries (with 9 performances), the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP), economic, social and environmental level national and public at large. Has been a strategic environmental assessment and its content enjoys complete consensus between government and collective participants.
The RURAL AREAS
The PDRS intended territorial application of Act. Therefore it defines a scope of measures derived from PDRS, county wide:
- To revitalize areas. In low density, high agricultural significance, low income and difficulties of territorial structuring.
- Intermediate areas. Low and medium density, employment diversified middle income - low and far from large urban centers.
- Peri-urban areas. Growing population, employment in the tertiary sector, medium-high income level in urban environments.
And establishes priority areas: revitalizing rural areas, areas of the integrated areas in the Red Natura 2000, rural municipalities and small to intermediate size of rural and peri.
With these criteria, the Rural Area Plans.
The importance of PDRS figures
Next steps to